Showing posts with label Introduction. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Introduction. Show all posts

12/30/2017

Japanese Deities

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. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke - the Deities of Japan .
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Japanese Buddhas and Deities
日本の神仏  shinbutsu



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.................. Introducing Buddha Statues

History of Buddha Statues in Japan 仏像の歴史



.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Nyorai Group 如来

Amida Buddha 阿弥陀如来
- - - .紅頗梨色阿弥陀如来 Gubari Amida Nyorai in red cloth .

Dainichi Nyorai 大日如来 The Great Sun, Center of the Universe

O-Take Nyorai お竹如来

Shaka Nyorai 釈迦如来  Gautama Buddha

Tahoo Nyorai 多宝如来 Taho Nyorai - Prabhuta Ratna プラブータ・ラトナ

Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来、Buddha of Medicine


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Bosatsu Group 菩薩

. Bosatsu 菩薩  Bodhisattva Group .


Daigen Shuri Bosatsu 招宝七郎大権修理菩薩
monastery-protecting spirit (gogaranjin 護伽藍神)
and temple Anryu-Ji 安竜寺


Fugen Bosatsu 普賢菩薩(ふげんぼさつ) (Samantabhadra)
and the white Elephant


Hoki Bosatsu, Hooki Bosatsu 法起菩薩 ... "Hoodoo Sennin" 法道仙人, Temple Bodaiji 菩提寺, Saint Tokudo 徳道上人


... ... ... Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩
- with more details -

Ajimi Jizo 嘗試地蔵 and Kobo DaishiKoya san

Jizo as Jigoku Bosatsu 地獄菩薩, Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu
南無地獄大菩薩

Asekaki Jizoo, the Sweating Jizo 汗かき地蔵

Gote Jizoo ごて地蔵 Gote Jizo , Osaka, Kita-Ku
曽根崎警察署の裏

Hadaka Jizoo Naked Jizo 裸地蔵

Hooroku Jizoo ほうろく地蔵 with an earthen pot on his head
(Horoku Jizo 焙烙地蔵)

Miso Jizoo 広島のみそ地蔵

O-Bake Jizoo 化け地蔵 the monstrous Jizo statues Nikko

Omokaru Jizoo, Heavy or Light Jizo おもかる地蔵、重軽地蔵

Shinpei-Ji 心平寺 地蔵  Kencho-Ji, Kamakura

Shioname Jizo 塩嘗地蔵 Salt-tasting Jizo in Kamakura

Yonaki Jizo and babies crying at night 夜泣き地蔵



... ... ... Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩

Batoo Kannon, Horseheaded Kannon 馬頭観音

Hakodate 33 Kannon Pilgrimage 西国移土三十三観音, 函館市湯川寺

Hatakiri Kannon はたきり観音さん, Shikoku Henro 10

Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 Mother of all Buddhas
准胝仏母(じゅんていぶっぽ)

Maria Kannon マリア観音 Christians in Nagasaki

Nyoirin Kannon, Wishfulfilling Kannon如意輪観音
..... Seiryuu Gongen, Dragon Deity Zennyo 清瀧権現

O-Shichi Kannon お七観音 at temple Tanjo-Ji in Okayama 誕生寺 (Tanjooji)

Senju Kannon, with 1000 Arms and Juuichimen Kannon with 11 heads 千手観音, 十一面観音

Shichimen Kannon 七面観音 Nichiren and Mount Minobu
Shichimen Daibosatsu 七面大菩薩

Usuzumi Kannon, Light Charcoal Cherry Tree Kannon 薄墨観音




Kokuuzoo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokuzo Bosatsu
Akashagarbha Bodhisattva.
Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Memory



Maso Bosatsu, Senrigan and Junpuji 媽祖菩薩, 千里眼, 順風耳

Memyo Bosatsu 馬鳴菩薩. Ashvagosha

Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒菩薩 Maitreya

Monju Bosatsu 文殊菩薩 Manjushri

Myoken Bosatsu (Myooken Bosatsu) 妙見菩薩
and Star Shrines in Japan, Hoshi Jinja 星神社

Nikko Bosatsu (Sunlight) Gakko Bosatsu (Moonlight)
日光菩薩と月光菩薩 Suryaprabha and Candraprabha



Seishi Bosatsu 勢至菩薩 Mahasthamaprapta


Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩 Deity of Mount Fuji



Daibosatsu is a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva."


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Myo-O Group 明王の部

Aizen Myo-O  愛染明王

Daigensui 大元帥明王 Taigen (Atavaka)

Daiitoku Myo-O 大威徳明王 Yamaantaka


. . . . Fudo Myo-O ... see above


Goosanze Myo-O 降三世明王 Gosanze Trilokavijaya


Kujaku Myo-O 孔雀明王 The Pheasant Wisdom King 

Ususama Myo-O 烏瑟沙摩明王
Ucchusma, deity of the toilet

Zao Gongen 蔵王権現


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. The Ten Group, Tenbu 天部 Deva, Devas

Many of them are devas are deities coming from India and some have shrines with a torii 鳥居entrance gate dedicated to them. The division between Shinto and Buddhism is difficult here, ecpecially since many sanctuaries were erected before the separation of the two religions in Japan in the Meiji period.


Ashura, Asura (あしゅら) 阿修羅


Benzaiten 弁財天, Benten 弁天 Benzai-Ten
..... Benten and the Gods of Water


Bishamonten、Tamonten 多聞天 (Vaishravana) 毘沙門天、毘沙門の使ひ

Bishukatsuma 毘首羯磨 (Vishvakarman ヴィシュヴァカルマン)
自在天王・工巧天・巧妙天

Daikoku Ten 大黒天 Daikoku sama

Dairokuten Ma-O ... 第六天魔王, 大六天 Take Jizaiten 他化自在天

Dakiniten, Dakini Ten (Vajra Daakini) 荼枳尼天

Datsueba 奪衣婆 or 脱衣婆 the Old Hag of Hell

Ebisu ... 夷 恵比寿 恵比須 えびす、エビス God of Good Luck

Enma Ten, Enma Oo (Emma): The King of Hell閻魔天、閻魔王
..... The Ten Kings of Hell, Juu Oo 十王


Gigeiten 伎芸天 Daijizai Tennyo 大自在天女 and
Daijizai Ten 大自在天 (Shiva)

Gohoojin 護法神 Protectors of the Buddhist law


Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai

Idaten 韋駄天 (Skanda)

Juuni Shinshoo 十二神将 Twelve Heavenly Generals,
12 Warrior Generals

Kankiten (Ganesh) Elephant-headed deity

Kichijoten 吉祥天 Kichijooten (Lakshmi, Shri Mahadevi)

Kishibojin 鬼子母神, Kishimojin, Kangimo, Kariteimo 訶梨帝母

Kuroyami Ten 黒闇天 Kokuan Ten of the Darkness
Kuroyami Tennyo 黒闇天女(くろやみてんにょ)

Madarajin, Matarajin, Matara Shin 摩多羅神 Mathara, Mahakala

Mao son 護法魔王尊 Gohoo Maoo Son
and the three sonten 尊天 of Kurama mountain temple

Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten

Nio, Deva Kings 仁王 (Nioo, Niou)


. Ototen 乙天 Bishamonten .


Shakudaijin 石大神 - near Ogisu, Suzuka-gun, Kyoto
- reference -


Shomen Kongo 青面金剛 Shoomen Kongoo
and
- Kooshin 庚申 Kōshin, Koshin Ka-no-e-saru -


Taishakuten, Taishaku Ten 帝釈天
Indra, Sakra Deva, Shakra Devanam Indra
and the Koshin Cult (kooshin 庚申, ka no e saru)


The Gods of the four elements 風水天地の神様
水神 Suijin, 風神 Fuujin, 地神 Chijin, 火神 Kajin


Seven Gods of Good Luck 七福神 Shichifukujin 


. Wakaten 若天 Fudo Myo-O .

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Saints and holy figures


Binzuru 賓頭盧 (Pinzuru)

. MORE Fellow Pilgrims .


. Memorial Days of Poets .


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Hibutsu ... 秘仏 ... Secret and hidden Buddha statues

Temples and Shrines of Japan



Busshi 仏師 ... Buddhist Sculptors Gallery



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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. Shinto Deities 神道の神様


. - - - kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-list - - - .


- - - - - The Gods of Japan and Haiku (kami to hotoke)


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quote
Shingō 神語
A "divine title" affixed to the name of a kami.
A wide variety of titles have come into use in accordance with the unique characteristics of kami, and as a result of historical changes in the way kami have been understood. In the ancient period, the title mikoto was used, while expressions such as myōjin ("shining kami"), daibosatsu (great bodhisattva), and gongen (avatar) came into use as a product of kami-buddha combinatory cults (shinbutsu shūgō). During the Edo period, the title reisha ("spirit shrine") was applied to the departed spirits of human beings.

The title mikoto, written variously with the characters 命 or 尊 was used in ancient classics such as Kojiki and Nihongi as a title of respect for both kami and noble persons. It is believed that mi represents an honorific prefix, while koto means "thing," "event," or "word"; together, the reading mikoto has been interpreted as referring to a "noble personage," "minister" or "medium" (mikotomochi), and "noble child" (miko; see mikogami).

Nihongi differentiates between the usage of characters 尊 and 命 for mikoto, stating that the earlier character is used to refer only to kami of the utmost dignity with direct linkage to the imperial descent, while the latter character is used for all other kami.

The title myōjin 明神 as applied to Japanese kami is believed to evolved from an earlier term myōjin 名神 ("eminent kami"), which was used in ancient works like Engishiki to refer to kami of particularly noteworthy power. Under the influence of the homophonic myōjin 明神 ("shining deity") found in Chinese and Buddhist texts, the latter character combination came to be applied to indigenous kami as well.

Daibosatsu is obviously a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva." The title daibosatsu is first seen in 781, when the kami Hachiman was honored with the title Gokoku Reigen Iriki Jintsū Daibosatsu ("Great Bodhisattva of National Protection and Marvelous Spirit Power"). From that time, the title daibosatsu has been applied to numerous other kami, including Fuji Sengen Daibosatsu and Tado Daibosatsu.

Gongen (avatar) is likewise of Buddhist origin, a term deriving from the doctrine of honji suijaku ("original essence, manifest traces"). According to this belief, buddhas may provisionally manifest themselves in this world in the form of kami or deities indigenous to various locales. Some well-known kami bestowed with this title include Kumano Gongen, Kasuga Gongen, and Hakusan Gongen.

The title reisha originates with the Yuiitsu Shinto school of the Yoshida family, which first used the term to refer to a shrine erected over the grave of the school's founder. Mano Tokitsuna's Kokin shingaku ruihen describes reisha as "a general term referring to shrines devoted to the spirits of human beings," but the term was also later used as a title for the kami themselves. Within Yoshida Shintō, the titles reijin reisha and myōjin were all applied to deceased human spirits, and this usage influenced the use of the terms in other schools as well, including Yoshikawa Shintō and Suika Shintō, where they were applied to persons who had mastered the deepest imports of the religion. Some of these individuals included Yoshikawa Koretari, posthumously titled Miaredō Reisha, and Yamazaki Ansai, who was titled Suika Reisha.

Another unusual example of the attribution of shingō to humans is that of Sugawara Michizane, who was titled tenjin or "heavenly deity."
source : Sato Masato, Kokugakuin 2005


More details and introduction:
. shinbutsu 神仏 kami to hotoke .
shinbutsu shūgō 神仏習合 Syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism
shinbutsu bunri 神仏分離 Separation of Shinto and Buddhism


日本の神仏の辞典 - 大島建彦 (編集)

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CLICK to look at Japanese Buddha Statues

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My Books in German

Buddhistische Kultgegenstände Japans
by Gabi Greve
(Buddhist Ritual and Ceremonial Tools, butsugu, hoogu)


Ich widme dieses Buch, in grosser Dankbarkeit, einem grossen Sensei, Dietrich Seckel.
Okayama Pref., Japan 1996



Buddhastatuen ... Who is Who,
Ein Wegweiser zur Ikonografie von japanischen Buddhastatuen
by Gabi Greve
1994
(All about Japanese Buddhastatues)
With a Review by Dietrich Seckel


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The best ONLINE introduction !

THE FACE OF BUDDHISM and SHINTOISM
IN JAPANESE ART


! Mark Schumacher !
(I am contributing to this site too.)


Article:
Buddhism and Shinto
Michael Hofmann, March 2010


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Buddha Statues and Japanese Deities by
. Master Carver Enku 円空 .
[1632?~1695]


Shinto deities and haiku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


The first visit or ceremony for a Japanese deity is often a KIGO!
. WKD : New Year Ceremonies


. shinbutsu in Edo 江戸の神仏 Kami and Hotoke in Edo .

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12/29/2017

Fudo Myo-O Introduction

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Who is Fudo Myo-O, the Wisdom King ?

Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo , Fudou Myou Ou 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja

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- quote
Acala (Skr.: Acala, Achala अचल; "immovable" one)
is a guardian deity primarily revered in Vajrayana Buddhism in Japan, China and elsewhere.

He is classed among the vidyārāja and preeminent among the Five Wisdom Kings of the Womb Realm. Accordingly, his figure occupies an important hierarchical position in the pictorial diagramatic Mandala of the Two Realms. In Japan, Acala is revered in the Shingon, Tendai, Zen and Nichiren sects.



Overview
Descriptions of his physical appearance derive from such scriptural source as the Mahavairocana Tantra (Dainichikyō (『大日経』)) and its annotation.

His face is expressive of extreme wrath, wrinkle-browed,left eye squinted or looking askance, lower teeth biting down the upper lip. He has the physique of a corpulent (round-bellied) child. He bears a sword in his right hand, and a lariat or noose (kensaku (羂索)) in his left hand. He is engulfed in flame, and seated on a "huge rock base" (banjakuza (盤石座)).

Acala is said to be a powerful deity who protects All the Living (sattva, shujō (衆生)) by burning away all impediments (antar-aya, shōnan (障難)) and defilements, thus aiding them towards enlightenment.

In Japanese esoteric Buddhism, according to an arcane interpretive concept known as the "three wheel-embodiments(ja)" or san rinjin (三輪身) Acala and the rest of the five wisdom kings are considered kyōryō tenshin (教令輪身 "embodiments of the wheel of injunction"), or beings whose actions constitute the teaching of the law (the other embodiments teach by word, or merely by their manifest existence). Under this conceptualization, the wisdom kings are ranked superior to the Dharmapala (gohō zenshin (護法善神)), a different class of guardian deities. Nevertheless, this distinction sometimes fails to be asserted, or the two are openly treated as synonymous by many commentators, even in clearly Japanese religious contexts.

The Sanskrit symbol that represents Acala is hāṃ हां ( conventionally transliterated kān (kaan) (カーン)).
However, it has been confounded with the similar glyph (हूं hūṃ), prompting some commentators to mistakenly identify the Acala with other deities. (The Sanskrit symbol is called siddham, bonji (梵字)), or "seed syllable" (zh: bīja, Ja: shuji (種子)).

Some of the other transliterations and variants to his name are Ācalanātha, Āryācalanātha, Ācala-vidyā-rāja. The Hindu form of the deity may also be known as Caṇḍamahāroṣaṇa or Caṇḍaroṣaṇa "the violent-wrathful" one.

History
Originally the Hindu deity Acalanātha (अचलनाथ),
whose name in Sanskrit signifies ācala "immovable" + nātha' "protector, Acala was incorporated into esoteric Buddhism (late 7th century, India) as a servant of Buddha. In Tang Dynasty China, he became Budong (pinyin: Búdòng; Middle Chinese: /pǝw dungx/- 不動, "immovable"), a translated-meaning-name derived from Acala. In turn, the deity was imported into Japan as Fūdō (不動) "immovable") by the priest Kobo Daishi Kūkai (died 835) who was studying in China as a member of the Kentoshi mission, and founded the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism.

As the deity's importance waned in India and China (as did the religion itself), the iconic image remained popular throughout the Middle Ages (and into modern times) in Nepal, Tibet and Japan, where sculptural and pictorial representations of them are most often found. Much of the iconography comes from Japan, where a popular cult especially devoted to him has developed.

In Tibetan Buddhism and art, the buddha Akshobhya, whose name also means "the immovable one", presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to the Acala/Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an "emanation" of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.

Acala in Japan
Fudō-myōō (不動明王) is the full Japanese name for Acala-vidyaraja, or Fudō (o-Fudō-sama etc.) for short. It is the literal translation of the Sanskrit term "immovable wisdom king".

Iconography
Acala in Buddhist art since the Heian era has depicted him as angry-faced, holding a vajra sword and a lariat. In later representations, such as those used by the yamabushi monks, he may have one fang pointing up and another pointing down, and a braid on the one side of his head.

The sword he holds may or may not be flaming and sometimes described only generically as a hōken (宝剣 "treasure sword") or as kongō-ken (金剛杵 "vajra sword"), which is descriptive of the fact that the pommel of the sword is in the shape of the talon-like kongō-sho (金剛杵 "vajra") of one type or another. It may also be referred to as sanko-ken (三鈷剣 "three-pronged vajra sword"). However in some cases as in the Akafudo painting, the divinity is seen holding the Kurikara-ken, a sword with the dragon coiled around it.

The flaming nimbus or halo behind the statue is known as the "karura flame", after a mythical firebreathing birdlike creature, the garuda.

The two boy servants who is usually depicted in attendance to Acala are named Kongara (Kiṃkara) and Seitaka (Ceṭaka) though there are said to be eight such boy servants altoghether, and as many as forty-eight servants overall.

His seat, the banjakuza (盤石座 or "huge rock base")   is considered an appropriate iconographic symbol to demonstrate the steadfastness of" the Fudō.

Acala/Fudo Cult
In Japan, Acala became an idol of worship in its own right, and became installed as the gohonzon (本尊) or main deity at temples and outdoor shrines. A famous example is the Narita Fudo, a Shingon subsect temple at Narita-san.

At Shingon Buddhist temples dedicated to Ācala, priests perform the Fudō-hō (不動法), or ritual service to enlist the deity's power of purification to benefit the faithful. This rite routinely involves the use of the ritual burning ceremony, fire ritual or goma (護摩) (Skr.: Homa) as a purification tool.

Lay persons or monks in yamabushi gear who go into rigorous training outdoors in the mountains also often pray to small Ācala statue or talisman they carry, which serve as his honzon. This praciticed path of yamabushi's training, known as Shugendō, predates the introduction of Ācala, so at first adored idols such as the Zaō Gongen who appeared before the sect's founder En no Ozunu or the Vairocana. But eventually Ācala was added to list of deities most typically enshrined by the yamabushi monks, either portable, or installed in outdoor shrines (hokora). These statues would be often placed near waterfalls (a common training ground) and deep in the mountains and in caves.

Ācala also tops the list of so-called Thirteen Buddhas (jūsan butsu (十三仏)). Thus Shingon sect mourners assign the Fudo the "First Seven Days" (Shonanoka (初七日)) of service. The first week is an important observance, but perhaps not as prominently important as the observance of "seven times seven days" (i.e. 49 days) signifying the end of "intermediate state" (bardo).

Literature on Shinto Buddhist ritual will explain that such and such Sanskrit "seed syllable", or mantra or mudra is attendant to each of the "buddhas" for each observance period. But the scholarly consensus seems to be that the invoking of the "Thirteen Buddhas" had evolved later around the 14th century and became widespread by the following century, so this could not have been part of the original teachings by priest Kukai, but rather a later adaptation.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- quote
Acala Vidyârâja
is one of the Vidyârâjas (Myôô) class of deities, and a very wrathful deity.

He is portrayed holding a sword in his right hand and a coiled rope in his left hand. With this sword of wisdom, Acala cuts through deluded and ignorant minds and with the rope he binds those who are ruled by their violent passions and emotions. He leads them onto the correct path of self control. Acala is also portrayed surrounded by flames, flames which consume the evil and the defilements of this world. He sits on a flat rock which symbolizes the unshakeable peace and bliss which he bestows to the minds and the bodies of his devotees.

Purpose and Vows
Acala transmits the teachings and the injunctions of Mahâvairocana to all living beings and whether they agree to accept or to reject these injunctions is up to them, Acala's blue/black body and fierce face symbolize the force of his will to draw all beings to follow the teachings of the Buddha. Nevertheless, Acala's nature is essentially one of compassion and he has vowed to be of service to all beings for eternity.

Acala also represents his aspect of service by having his hair knotted in the style of a servant: his hair is tied into seven knots and falls down from his head on the left side. Acala has two teeth protruding from out of his mouth, an upper tooth and a lower tooth. The upper tooth is pointed downward and this represents his bestowing unlimited compassion who are suffering in body and spirit. His lower tooth is pointed upward and this represents the strength of his desire to progress upward in his service for the Truth. In his upward search for Bodhi and in his downward concern for suffering beings, he represents the beginning of the religious quest, the awakening of the Bodhicitta and the beginning of his compassionate concern for others.
It is for this reason that the figure of Acala is placed first among
the thirteen deities (juusanbutsu 十三仏).

His vow is to do battle with evil with a powerful mind of compassion and to work for the protection of true happiness. To pray for recovery from illness and for safety while traveling is to rely upon his vow and power to save. Acala is also the guide for the deceased, to help save them and assist them in becoming buddhas for the first seven days after death.

Read more about these 13 deities.
http://www.shingon.org/deities/jusanbutsu/fudo.html

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The 19 characteristics of Fudo Myo-O
... ... ... The 19 Signs ... ... ...


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Firmly Rooted: On Fudo Myoo's Origins
Standing Fast: Fudō Myōō in Japanese Literature


. 2 Articles by Richard K. Payne .


Read more on this extensive page about Buddha Statues
... Mark Schumacher ...

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CLICK for more samples - 不動明王 梵字 !


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12/28/2017

19 Signs

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19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O

不動十九観 / 不動十九相観

Fudoo Juukyuu Sansoo
Fudo Jukyu Sanso

Just as Buddha Shakyamuni has 32 characteristic signs, Fudo Myo-O has 19.
They are described in documents of the Tendai sect like the following:

1 He is an incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai.
2 His Mantra has the four letters : a ro kan man .
3 He usually lives in a world of fire.
4 He has the figure of a fat young man, rather unpleasant.
5 He has seven knots in his hair and a lotus blossom on top of them.

6 On his left shoulder a plait of hair hangs down.
7 The wrinkles on his forehead look like water waves.
8 The left eye is closed, the right one wide open. - eyes
9 He bites his right upper lip with the lower teeth and his left lip protrudes.
10 He has his mouth shut strictly.

11 He carries a three-pronged sword in his right hand.
12 He carries a rope in his left hand.
13 He eats the leftover food of ascetic monks.
14 He stands or sits on a throne of stone.
15 His body color is of an unpleasant black-blue-green.

16 His look is fierce and threatening.
17 He has a fiery Garuda bird on his halo.
18 A Kurikara Dragon is wrapped around his sword.
19 He has two child acolytes by his side.


05 - 06 . kami 髪 his hairstyle .
shichi shakei 七沙髻 / benpatsu 一弁髪

07 . suiha 水波相 wrinkles on his forehead .

08 . tenchigan 天地眼 "eyes of heaven and earth" .

09 . kiba 牙 the teeth of Fudo .

11 . gooma riken 降魔利剣 demon-subjugating sharp sword .

12 . kensaku, kenjaku 羂索 rope, lariat, noose .

14 . daiza 台座 seat, throne .

17 . koohai, kōhai 光背 mandorla, halo, Nimbus.

18 . Kurikara sword 倶利伽羅不動剣 .

19 . Sanjuuroku Dooji 三十六童子 36 Attendants .
Kongara 矜迦羅童子(こんがらどうじ)、
Seitaka 制迦童子(せいたかどうじ)

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天台僧 安然が、「不動立印儀軌修行次第」により不動明王を想い従うために唱えたもの

(1)大日如来の化身
(2)真言中に、ア・ロ・カン・マンの4字がある
(3)常に火生三昧(かしょうざんまい)に住んでいる
(4)肥満した童子の姿で、卑しい
(5)頭頂に七沙髻があり、蓮華をのせている

(6)左肩に一弁髪を垂らす benpatsu
(7)額に水波(すいは)のようなしわがある suiha
(8)左の目を閉じ右の目を開いている
(9)下の歯で右上の唇を噛み、左下の唇の外へ出している
(10)口を硬く閉じている

(11)右手に三鈷剣を持っている
(12)左手に羂索を持っている
(13)行者の残食を食べる
(14)大磐石の上に安座している
(15)色が醜く青黒

(16)奮迅して憤怒している
(17)光背に迦楼羅炎(かるらえん)がある
(18)倶力迦羅竜が剣にまとわりついている
(19)両脇に2童子が侍している
source : www.kyototsuu.jp



Buddha Shakyamuni
Signs of a Great Man 32 and 80

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. Ganjoojuin 願成就院 Ganjoju- In, Shizuoka .

The statue of Fudo was carved according to the
19 Characteristic Signs of Fudo Myo-O.

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9/03/2014

standing statues

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ryuuzoo, ryūzō 立像 ryuzo, ritsuzo - standing statues


. zazoo  座像 / 坐像 seated statues .  
- Introduction -



CLICK for more photos of standing Fudo !

Joofukuji 成福寺 Jofuku-Ji
岡山県井原市芳井町吉井2356
2356 Yoshiichō Yoshii, Ibara-shi, Okayama

The temple was founded on behaf of 聖武天皇 Shomu Tenno in 739 by 行基菩薩 Gyoki Bosatsu.
In the garden are 33 statues of Nyoirin Kannon, also made by Gyoki.
The carver of the Fudo Statue is not known, but it dates back to the late Heian or beginning of the Kamakura period. It is about 88 cm high and made from one piece of hinoki 檜 Japanese cypress.
- reference source : www.ibarakankou.jp

- HP of the temple
- source : ibara.ne.jp/~ryounin -


. Gyooki Bosatsu 行基菩薩 Gyoki Bosatsu .
(668-749 AD) Gyōki, Gyōgi

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A temple with the same name in Osaka

円通山成福寺は大阪府和泉市芦部町169 / Ashibecho, Izumi, Osaka


Belongs to the following pilgrimage
和泉西国三十三ヶ所霊場第十五番札所 Izumi Saikoku 33 Kannon Temples
- reference source : izumisaigoku.web.fc2.com/jouhukuji -

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Standing statues can be divided in various ways:

The tallest
The smallest

The way the feet are placed

Made from one piece of wood 一本造り
Made from various pieces put together (yosegi)

under construction
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The tallest 日本一の不動明王 (so far)
20 meters high (including the podestal)
日本一大きな不動明王像




source : daizukan9.blog63.fc2.com

Isshinji 一心寺 Isshin-Ji
大分市 Oita Town, Kyushu

大分県大分市大字廻栖野塚野1305
305 Megusuno Tuskano Oita City, Oita



The temple has been founded in 1963 by priest 安部一僧正 with the sincere wish to save people.
He made the road, planted the cherry trees and eventually was able to put the statue of Fudo Myo-O here in Tsukano village. The temple grounds are among the largest in Western Japan.

The Fudo here is  初七日導師 who leads the souls of the dead on the 7th day. His fire-halo lights the way for their proceeding to cross "Kurayami Toge"くらやみ峠 , the pass of darkness.
「初七日まもるは不動尊」. The bereaved family members come her on the 7th day after a death in the family and offer candles to light the way too.

Another huge statue (17 meters) is of 薬師観音像 Yakushi Kannon
The Kannon of Medicine, holding a medicine flask 薬壺 like Yakushi Nyorai.
This refers to nr. 12 of the vows of Kannon Bosatsu:
「病のものも私の名前を聞けば患いが除かれる」

Other statues feature a nehanzo 釈迦涅槃像 of Shaka Nyorai
and
Saint Kaizan Shonin 海山上人像(安部一僧正)the founder of the temple.

Nearby are the Isshinj Waterfalls 一心寺の滝 and the temple also houses the largest Buddhist bell 念佛鐘 in Japan.
The cherry blossom time is the best to visit.

- Homepage of the temple 不動尊霊山一心寺
- source : issinnji.web.fc2.com


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- quote
ryuuzou 立像 - Also read ritsuzou.
A Buddhist image which is standing, as opposed to seated (see *zazou 坐像). Most standing images stand up straight chokuritsu 直立 in a natural manner, but there are some variations.
The bronze sculptures of bodhisattvas *bosatsu 菩薩 Nikkou 日光 and Gakkou 月光 at Yakushiji 薬師寺 in Nara, for example, stand in a relaxed position with most of the weight shifted onto one leg. The straight leg with the weight is called rikkyaku 立脚, and the bent leg without the weight is called yuukyaku 遊脚.
Attendants of *Amida 阿弥陀 in the raigou composition (see *raigou-zu 来迎図) which have their knees bent forward are considered to be standing images called jiritsu 侍立. The bodhisattvas Kannon 観音 and Seishi 勢至 in the wooden Amida triad Amida sanzon 阿弥陀三尊 from Shourenji 青蓮寺 in Kumamoto prefecture (dated 1295) are the best known examples of ryuuzou.
Zaou Gongen 蔵王権現 sculpted in wood in Nyoirinji 如意輪寺 in Nara (dated 1336), has one leg raised in a stamping or running position jaritsu 邪立.
A walking image *gyouzou 行像 as typified by *kinhinzou 経行像, is also considered to be a type of ryuuzou and is contemplated during Buddhist meditation .
- source : JAANUS

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- - - - - Some statues show Fudo with a fluttering robe



. Statues in Oogi, Ōgi 仰木 Ogi, Shiga .

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Stehende Figuren (ryuuzoo)
Standfiguren sind besonders häufig.
Entweder direkt frontal (chokuryuuzoo) oder mit leicht gebogenen Hüften (hinetta koshi) oder quasi im Laufen, mit einem leicht erhobenen Fuß (yugyoozoo, kinhinzoo, gyoozoo). Durch diese Laufposition wird der Wille Buddhas darge~stellt, in die Welt zu gehen und den Menschen zu helfen. Der Oberkörper ist dabei leicht nach vorne gebeugt. Diese Form findet sich besonders bei Jizoo und Kannon Bosatsu. Erste Arten dieser Figuren kennen wir aus Thailand.
Ein Fuß stark angehoben wie beim Tanz (buseizoo) oder nach hinten gestreckt (teiji ryuuzoo) findet sich oft bei Myo-O-Statuen.

. Buddhastatuen ... Who is Who ... .
Kurze historische Übersicht
und
Allgemeines über Statuen
Gabi Greve 

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .


. Daruma - standing statues 置物 okimono .

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8/03/2014

Green Fudo

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Green Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .

Most statues of green color are made from bronze (seidoo 青銅).


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- quote
16 cm high 青銅彩色 - 童子不動明王

Bronze statues


- source : www.butudanya.jp




21 cm high





15.5 cm high




source : www.butudanya.jp
20 cm high
made from byakudan インド白檀 Indian Sandalwood


MORE statues of Fudo by Butsudanya, Butsuendo online
高岡仏具
- source : http://www.butudanya.jp

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青銅 不動明王 - bronze statues of Fudo
- www.google.co.jp -


Blue (green) - Aoi 青不動 blue / green Fudo


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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8/02/2014

sanzon triad

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sanzon 三尊 triad


- quote
sanzonbutsu 三尊仏
Also sanzonzou 三尊像, sanzon 三尊.
A set of three Buddhist deities appearing together. They form a triad with the principal image *chuuson 中尊 in the centre, and an attendant *kyouji, wakiji 脇侍 on each side.
Sanzonbutsu are often named according to the principal deity; for example Yakushi sanzonbutsu 薬師三尊仏 is a triad of *Yakushi 薬師 with two attendants, and
Amida sanzonbutsu 阿弥陀三尊仏 shows *Amida 阿弥陀 with two attendants.

Frequent triads include Amida appearing with *Kannon 観音 and *Seishi 勢至 as attendants, Yakushi depicted with *Nikkou Gakkou 日光・月光, and *Shaka 釈迦 with *Monju 文殊 and *Fugen 普賢.

These groupings are based on Buddhist scripture and were firmly established in Japan in the Nara period (645-794), so statues made prior to this period do not necessarily follow this pattern. The Shaka sanzonzou 釈迦三尊像 in Houryuuji *Kondou 法隆寺金堂 (Nara), for example, shows Shaka attended by Yakuou 薬王 and Yakujou 薬上. In the Heian period, with the introduction of esoteric Buddhism, a large number and variety of sanzonbutsu were made.

Especially important examples are the figures of *Fudou Myouou 不動明王 accompanied by *Kongara douji 矜羯羅童子 and *Seitaka douji 制た迦童子,

and *Bishamonten 毘沙門天 attended by *Kichijouten 吉祥天 and Zennishi douji 善膩師童子.
- source : JAANUS



. Yakushi sanzon 薬師三尊 Yakushi Triad, Trias, Trinity .

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source : www.amazon.co.jp - 仏縁堂

from tsuge 柘植 boxwood wood
The three pillars of Shingon Buddhism 真言宗三尊 / 三開仏

Dainichi Nyorai 大日如来
Kobo Daishi Kukai 弘法大師
and
Fudo Myo-O 不動明王


MORE
statues of Fudo Myo-O at the online shop
- source : 仏縁堂

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CLICK for enlargement !

不動三尊 at Narita town treasures
database of 全国の彫物の在る成田山 - 別院
- source : edobori.fan-site.net


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三尊 - 不動明王




. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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dragon ryuu

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Dragon 竜 ryuu 龍 and Fudo Myo-O

The special sword of Fudo Myo-O with a dragon.
. Kurikara 倶利伽羅 the Sword of Fudo Myo-o
不動明王と倶利伽羅不動剣 .
 
- Introduction -


. Dragon Art of Asia - Gallery .

to be updated !
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source : www.amazon.co.jp

開運龍 不動明王 Dragon for Good Luck

by Etoo Kusajun 江藤草淳/三幸 Eto Kusajun


. 八方厄除不動龍 Happoo Yakuyoke Fudo Ryuu .
by 江藤草淳/三幸


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. . . CLICK here for Photos - 龍 不動明王 !


. . . CLICK here for Photos - Dragon and Fudo !


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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8/01/2014

Buy Fudo Acala Online

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Buy Fudo Acala Online 不動明王



Books about Fudo Myo-O


Help with the list below
by adding your store or shop or information.

- to be updated regularly -
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amazon com Japan
- source : www.amazon.co.jp - 不動明王

amazon com
- source : www.amazon.com - Acala


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Buddhamuseum.com - Richmond, CA 94805, USA
- source : www.buddhamuseum.com/about


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. Busshi 仏師 ... - Buddhist sculptors Gallery .
Many have Fudo Myo-O on sale.
Some are featured in the ABC list of this BLOG.


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- Butsudanya - 高岡仏具 -

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Mark Schumacher - Fudo Statues (Acalanatha)
- source : www.buddhist-artwork.com


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Rakuten 楽天市場 Shopping for Fudo Goods

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Robyn Buntin of Honolulu - Gallery Fudo Myoo
- source : www.robynbuntin.com


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Sanbutsudo Sakurai Store 三仏堂桜井商店
Tokyo 東京都台東区寿2-7-11


成田山型不動明王 Fudo a la Narita Fudo
made from Owari Hinoki pine tree 尾州桧

- source : www.sanbutudou.com


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Trocadero - Antiques portal
- source : www.trocadero.com - Fudo


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- YAHOO auctions Japan -
- - - - - more than 10 pages to explore


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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7/28/2014

Koan

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Koan and Fudo Myo-O 公案と不動明王


Master Mumon 無門禅師 and the Mumonkan - Gateless Gate
Mumon was born in 1183, towards the end of the Sung Dynasty, 960-1279.
. Katsu !! - Koan and Daruma .  
- Introduction -

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The Gateless Gate is a personal pictorial reflection on the compilation of Zen cases referred to as the Mumonkan or Gateless Gate.
- source : www.thegatelessgate.com - Mark T. Morse -


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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7/24/2014

Inari and Fudo

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Inari and Fudo 稲荷と不動明王

There are many Shrines dedicated to Inari, the "Fox Deity" of Japan.
Inari Ōkami (稲荷大神, also Oinari) is the Japanese kami of foxes.
The most famous fox god shrine festival at Fushimi Inari in Kyoto is the most famous.



Ukanomikami, Uka no Mikami 宇迦之御魂神 / 倉稲魂神
The deity for a good harvest, venerated at Inari shrines.
Miketsu Kami 御食津神 / 三狐神 / Inari Kami 稲荷神 Deity to provide food


Read here about Inari festivals :
. Inari Myojin 稲荷明神 Honorable Inari Fox Deity .  
- Introduction -


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. Iizuna no Gongen 飯網の権現 .
This is an incarnation of the Fox Deity, Inari.
People pray to him for a bountiful harvest and good luck in business. He looks like a Tengu, a long-nosed goblin.


Some Yamabushi sects think Iizuna (Izuna) is the original Japanese form (honji) of Fudo Myo-0, especially at Mt. Takao near Tokyo.

and
Akibagongen, Akiba Gongen  秋葉権現
standing on a white fox


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. Dakini or Dakiniten 荼枳尼天 .
She is also standing on a white fox.
Shinkoō-bosatsu (Central Fox Queen-Bodhisattva, 辰狐王菩薩)
and
Kiko tennō (Noble Fox-heavenly Queen, 貴狐天王).

As a deity from India, coming to Japan via China, she was riding on a jackal.
Since there are no jackals in Japan, she was depicted on a white fox.
see Toyokawa, below


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- quote
Image of Fudo Myoo standing on the back of Oinari.
Fudo is the immoveable. He is the subduer of evil and stabilizer of the wisdom of the Dharma.




Oinari is the messenger to the gods in Shinto. He is worshipped by farmers and others for rice, rain, and children. He a beneficent deity. The two of these figures together means that this is a synthesis of Shinto and Buddhism. This is a part of an esoteric tradition in Japan.

This item is from the Cleveland Museum Collection
- source : www.robynbuntin.com


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腰神不動明王 Fudo as deity to cure pain in the lower back


伏見稲荷と不動明王
- source : www7b.biglobe.ne.jp/~narigama


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kin-un saifu mamori 金運財布守 amulet to put in your purse


source : www.suruga-ya.jp

from
. Toyokawa Inari Shrine 豊川稲荷 .
for luck with money

This shrine is most famous for the worship of Dakini Ten. It was originally a temple for Dakini 妙厳寺 Myogon-Ji.


shuin 朱印 stamp of the Toyokawa temple


. kin-un, kin un 金運 amulets for luck with moneny.


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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7/18/2014

asekaki sweating intro

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asekaki Fudo 汗かき不動 / あせかき不動 sweating Fudo
Introduction

There are various statues with this name in Japan.

There are also other deities showing "sacred sweat":


. asekaki 汗かき /  あせかき sweating deities .

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Nokogiriyama 鋸山
Kanaya, Temple Nihon-Ji 金谷 - 日本寺

- quote
Mount Nokogiri (鋸山 Nokogiri-yama) literally "saw mountain" is a low mountain on the Bōsō Peninsula on Honshu, Japan. It lies on the southern border of the city of Futtsu and the town Kyonan in Awa District in Chiba Prefecture.
The western side of the mountain is also the site of the sprawling Nihon-ji temple complex, which is the home of two Daibutsu sculptures - a huge seated carving of Yakushi Nyorai that at 31.05 metres (101.9 ft) tall is the largest pre-modern, stone-carved Daibutsu in Japan, and the "Hundred-shaku Kannon", a tall relief image of Kannon carved into one of the quarry walls - as well as 1500 hand-carved arhat sculptures, which combined with the spectacular scenery of the Bōsō Hills and Tokyo Bay, make Mount Nokogiri a popular tourism destination.
- source : wikipedia


The statue of the sweating Fuod is behind the collection of 100 Kannon statues 百体観音.

The statue would sweat as a prelude to some ill omen.
It would also start sweating to make up for the sins of mankind.

身に罪の重きを恨みたきつせの
不動の力たのむうれしさ


source : 4travel.jp/travelogue



source : qookaku3.blog.shinobi.jp


. Nokogiriyama 鋸山 .
Kazusa Province (上総国, Kazusa-no kuni), now Chiba

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Takahata Fudo Temple 高幡不動尊
Tokyo


During the Muromachi period, whenever there was a major fight and battle in the country, this wooden statue would start sweating sacred sweat 霊汗. So it was widely revered by the warriors.
This Fudo was also a protector of fires for the town of Edo.



. Takahata Fudo Temple 高幡不動尊 .

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Tsugaru

. Kogakesan Fudoo-In Kokushooji 古懸山不動院国上寺 Kokusho-Ji .

青森県平川市碇ヶ関古懸門前1−1
Monzen-1-1 Ikarigasekikogake, Hirakawa-shi

One of the
Tsugaru San Fudoo 津軽三不動 Three Fudo in Tsugaru

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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7/02/2014

Aoi blue green Fudo

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Aoi 青不動 blue / green Fudo

. Goshiki Fudo 五色不動明王 in Five Colors .  
- Introduction -


Sometimes AO is blue, like the blue mountains we see over there,
sometimes it is green, like in ao-ringo, green apples (the unripe fruit).
. aoi 青い blue and green .
- Introduction -


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Me-ao 目青不動 blue (green) eyes of Fudo  



Kyoogakuin 教学院 Kyogaku-In

(世田谷区太子堂4丁目)
もとは港区麻布谷町(現:六本木)の勧行寺(または正善寺)にあったが1882 (明治15年)青山南町にあった教学院に移転。
教学院は1910(明治43年)世田谷区太子堂に移転。





- source : tencoo.fc2web.com/jinja




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Aoi Fudo 青不動 blue (green) Fudo


source : facebook


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Hanya-In 華香山 般若院 Hanya-In
Kyushu Fudo Pilgrimage, Nr. 02

福岡県福岡市南区大池1丁目3-15, Fukuoka
1 Chome-3-15 Oike, Minami Ward, Fukuoka



http://ojisanjake.blogspot.jp - Jake Davies


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Kenzanji 剣山寺 Kenzan-Ji
Kyushu Fudo Pilgrimage, Nr. 49

The main hall of the temple is a big surprise. It's a Portakabin....., quite a large one for sure, but still its one of those temporary buildings that are dropped in to building sites.



Behind the portakabin are a couple of altars and a small man-made cave containing a Fudo Myo statue painted bright blue.



The rocks behind are painted with flames and its quite a quirky thing.
- source : Jake Davies


鹿児島県日置市日吉町日置1239-6
1239-6 Hiyoshicho Hioki, Hioki, Kagoshima
Visitors say the main statue of Fudo in the temple is sort of smiling, niko-niko ニコニコ and telling them to :
"Don't hurry, don't rush, take it slowly, you are just right the way you are"
「あわてるな、急ぐな、あなたはあなたのままでよい」
- source : www.kyushyu88.com


. 九州88ヶ所108霊場 Kyushu Pilgrims - Fudo temples .


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. Taikooji 太光寺 Taiko-Ji . - Hiroshima
seated statue


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- MORE - 目青不動 -


- MORE - 青不動 -


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. Green Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .
Most statues of green color are made from bronze (seidoo 青銅).


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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Goshiki Fudo 五色不動明王 in Five Colors .  
- Introduction -


. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]

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